Theory of Parbrahma or Supreme God
In Vedic Indian texts, the concept of the ultimate reality, often referred to as “Parabrahma,” is central to various philosophical and spiritual traditions. Parabrahma is considered to be the absolute, transcendent, and ineffable reality that underlies and encompasses the entire universe. It is beyond all forms and attributes and is often equated with the concept of the Supreme Being or the ultimate truth.
Throughout the Vedic literature, the idea of Parabrahma is presented in different ways, and various names and descriptions are used to elucidate its nature. Let’s explore some key references and verses from different texts that touch upon the existence of Parabrahma:
The Indian spiritual thought foundation, Upanishads combines ancient philosophical texts. They often explore the nature of reality, the self (Atman), and the ultimate reality (Brahman/Parabrahma). One of the most famous statements about the identity of the individual soul (Atman) and the universal reality (Brahman) comes from the Chandogya Upanishad (6.8.7):
“Tat Tvam Asi” – which translates to “You are That” or “You are Brahman.”
This statement emphasizes the non-dual nature of reality, asserting that the individual soul (Atman) and the ultimate reality (Brahman) are inseparable, and realizing this unity leads to spiritual liberation (moksha).
The Bhagavad Gita is a part of the Indian epic Mahabharata, and it consists of a conversation between Lord Krishna and the warrior Arjuna. In Chapter 10, Verse 20, Lord Krishna speaks about His divine manifestations, which ultimately stem from Parabrahma:
“Aham Atma Gudakesa
aham adis ca madhyam ca
bhutanam anta eva ca”
Translation: “Hey Gudakesha / Arjun, I am the Self which is seated in the hearts of all creatures. I am the beginning, middle, and end.”
This verse highlights that Parabrahma is the ultimate reality that resides within all beings and is the source and sustainer of the entire creation.
The Brahma Sutras, also known as Vedanta Sutras, are aphorisms that systematically summarize the teachings of the Upanishads. One of the key sutras related to Parabrahma is the first sutra of the Brahma Sutras:
“athato brahma jijnasa”
Translation: “Now, therefore, the inquiry into Brahman.”
This sutra emphasizes the importance of seeking knowledge about Brahman (Parabrahma) as the ultimate purpose of life and the means to attain spiritual liberation.
Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali is a classical text that expounds on the philosophy and practice of Yoga. In Book 1, Sutra 23, Patanjali explains the nature of Ishvara (the Supreme Being or Parabrahma):
“ishvarah pranidhanad va”
Translation: “Or [the state of realization is attained] by devotion to Ishvara (the Supreme Being).”
This sutra suggests that by surrendering to the Supreme Being, one can attain a state of self-realization and liberation.
The Mandukya Upanishad is dedicated to the study of the sacred syllable “Om” and its significance in understanding the nature of reality. It describes the ultimate reality as a fourfold aspect of consciousness, including the transcendent, immanent, and individual states. The ultimate reality, known as “TurIya” or the Fourth, transcends all other states and represents Parabrahma.
These are just a few references from Vedic Indian texts that discuss the existence of Parabrahma. It is important to note that the concept of Parabrahma is vast and profound, and it has been explored and expounded upon by numerous spiritual masters, scholars, and practitioners throughout the ages. The idea of Parabrahma represents the highest understanding of the nature of reality and the ultimate goal of human life in many Indian philosophical systems.
Founder, Upgrading India